Ecosystem restoration may include use of techniques such as management of natural forest succession, grazing management, agroforestry, conservation agriculture, tree planting through reforestation, participatory management, reduced impact logging or rewilding. While native species are prioritised, the use of alien species, which provide ‘nursing’ or similar qualities, are allowed practices in the re-establishment of natural forest cover or ecosystem function.
Depending on the site, restoration may focus beyond forest or trees to include elements of the target natural forest ecosystem, e.g.: wetlands, riparian zones, etc.
The focus of the Ecosystem Restoration Standard is performance assessment of ecosystem restoration at the field level. The Standard provides a practical framework for field verification of performance in implementing ecosystem restoration – where the restoration is technically, environmentally, socially and economically appropriate.
Following is the list of verified organisations under the Ecosystem Restoration Standard: